introduction to carbon offsets

This week I’m flying to DC for the Peoples’ Climate March. I’m super excited, but one little detail of my trip has me puzzled… Flying massively increases my carbon footprint. How do I justify flying halfway across the United States in order to protest about climate change?

After poking around I was relieved to find that others have had this dilemma, and one suggested solution is to purchase carbon offsets. Then I could wipe my hands of the trip guilt, so to speak, right? Well, not so fast…

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how to talk to climate change deniers

Last week on The Commons, we talked about all the reasons people disagree with scientists on climate change. This disagreement is a big problem because it prevents us from making sound decisions and taking action. And by us I mean individuals, of course, but also our society. Our elected officials and corporations make decisions based on what they think we want, and if don’t bother with science, neither will they.

So the next step is to figure out how to talk to the “other side” in order to bring them around. Before we begin, let’s get a few things out of the way up front.

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authenticity

Lately I’ve been pondering whether or not I’ve ever shown up in the world as my true self. Real talk.

I’m finding solace in these quotes on authenticity, both via The Gifts of Imperfection by Brené Brown:

Often people attempt to live their lives backwards: they try to have more things, or more money, in order to do more of what they want so that they will be happier. The way it actually works is the reverse. You must first be who you really are, then do what you really need to do, in order to have what you want.

―Margaret Young

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why we disagree with scientists

There’s a reason scientists are marching on Washington on April 22nd. They’re sick of us. We aren’t listening to them – our opinions still differ from theirs and the politicians we elect don’t make policies based on their recommendations.

No issue is more significant of this struggle than climate change. According to many polls, including a Pew poll from 2016, only 48% of the American public believe climate change is due to human activity despite consensus among climate scientists. When asked about the findings of these scientists, only 27% of the public acknowledges the consensus.

The gap is huge between what we believe and what the scientific method as shown to be true.

Why?

As it turns out, many reasons…

  1. First, this shit is complex
  2. We have a faulty view of science
  3. Our brains can’t handle a problem like climate change
  4. So believe what our tribes believe
  5. Most influentially, what our political tribe believes
  6. Some of our tribes have a negative stereotype of environmentalists, and we don’t want to be one

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what we can control

I’ve always thought about environmentalism as simply making “greener” personal choices – recycling, turning the lights off when I leave the room, eating less red meat, etc…

But lately, these personal choices have been feeling insignificant in light of everything happening in the headlines. That’s because a changing climate is quite literally a global problem. We didn’t cause it on our own and we can’t solve it on our own, but solve it we must.

To lend our-tiny-little-insignificant-selves some sanity in this quest, I think we should borrow our approach from Stoic wise guy Epictetus and focus only on what is within our control.

Some things are up to us and some things are not up to us.

– Epictetus

Our most important choice in life, according to Stoic thinker Epictetus, is whether to concern ourselves with things external to us or things internal. His trichotomy of control, which I pulled from the great book The Guide to the Good Life, involves separating things into three categories:

  • Within our complete control: Values, Belief Systems, Character, Adherence to Virtue, Goals, Self-Control, Emotions. The pursuit of these things brings tranquility.
  • Partially within our control: Let’s use the example of a soccer game to illustrate this one. You can play your best game, but it is not completely up to you whether you win. What can you control? You can control your work ethic, your practice regimen, your nutrition. However, many external factors play into the final result. In such situations, we’re best internalizing our goals.
  • Not within our control: Others’ opinions, others’ actions, luck. Stoics try to avoid reacting to these things.

In dealing with the massive issue facing our generation and future generations, we should focus on what is within our control. Let’s talk about what’s reasonably within our control in this context.

  • Searching for truth: Learning, thinking, asking questions, looking in the mirror
  • Personal choices that reflect our values: Many solutions are within our control, as referenced above.
  • Advocacy for collective choices that match our values: Many solutions are NOT within our control. We can only spread the word, vote, engage in debate, share newsletters, etc.

We’ll touch on all three of these this week on The Commons.

Should I be enjoying this weather?

I’m the guy who spent the last week trying to figure out if I was allowed to enjoy these unseasonably warm temperatures. I mean 75 and sunny, for multiple days, in February? This must be wrong…but it feels so right!

Turns out, Jay-Z feels the same way:

In all seriousness, yes, a vanishing winter (caused by human activity) is super fucked up and yes, it’s also okay to enjoy great weather. Preventing yourself from enjoying the present moment doesn’t make climate change go away. Being sad is not a solution.

This moral question really gets at the complexity of this struggle. An article on the Atlantic digs into this a little more and I explore the highlights below:

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on the sidelines

I’ve been called an environmentalist for as long as I can remember. But in recent times, I’ve been feeling like a fraud. An imposter. I’ve been interested in environmentalism, but not informed. I’ve been enraged, but not engaged. I’ve bitched and complained and even cried, but I haven’t acted.

Finally, I’ve been asking myself: what side will you be on when we look back on this? I haven’t even picked a team. I’ve been on the f*ing sidelines, along with many in my generation.

As I’ve been trying to come to terms with this, I realized a few things about the environmental movement:

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The Tragedy of the Commons

I’m in the beginning stages of launching a new email newsletter on environmentalism. I’m setting out on a journey to confront my in-activism and hopefully turn it into activism. I’m calling it The Commons.

The name is an ode to the late biologist Garret Hardin’s 1968 essay titled The Tragedy of the Commons. To me, this concept cuts to core of the environmental struggle and just how complex it really is. Straight from the original source:

The tragedy of the commons develops in this way. Picture a pasture open to all. It is to be expected that each herdsman will try to keep as many cattle as possible on the commons. Such an arrangement may work reasonably satisfactorily for centuries because tribal wars, poaching, and disease keep the numbers of both man and beast well below the carrying capacity of the land.

Finally, however, comes the day of reckoning, that is, the day when the long-desired goal of social stability becomes a reality. At this point, the inherent logic of the commons remorselessly generates tragedy.As a rational being, each herdsman seeks to maximize his gain. Explicitly, or implicitly, more or less consciously, he asks: “What is the utility to me of adding one more animal to my herd?” This utility has one negative and one positive component.

1) The positive component is the function of the increment of one animal. Since the herdsman receives all the proceeds from the sale of the additional animal, the positive utility is nearly +1.

2) The negative component is a function of the additional overgrazing created by one more animal. Since, however, the effects of overgrazing are shared by all the herdsmen, the negative utility for
any particular decision-making herdsman is only a fraction of -1.

Adding together the component partial utilities, the rational herdsman concludes that the only sensible course for him to pursue is to add another animal to his herd. And another, and another …But this is the conclusion reached by each and every rational herdsman sharing a commons. Therein is the tragedy. Each man is locked into a system that compels him to increase his herd without limit — in a world that is limited. Ruin is the destination toward which all men rush, each pursuing his own best interest in a society that believes in the freedom of the commons. Freedom in a commons brings ruin to all.

the positive focus

The antidote to finding yourself in the gap is to focus on your achievements.

Strategic Coach calls this The Positive Focus, and they’re all in on this concept. They even have an app, Win Streak, designed to help you with this by counting your daily wins.

Rather than daily, I’ve found myself using this idea for looking back on the past week, which went a little something like this:

List out your top 5 wins. Why were they wins? What’s the next piece of progress you can make?

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